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Enrico Glerean

Enrico Glerean (PhD - D.Tech)

Post-doctoral researcher Human Emotion Systems Lab, Brain & Mind Laboratory
Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering
Aalto University School of Science
P.O. Box 12200; FI-00076 AALTO, FINLAND
Room F326, Rakentajanaukio 2 C, FI-02150 Espoo
email: enrico.glerean [at]

News & upcoming
Award for best doctoral dissertation in Aalto School of Science.

Working on releasing a stable version of our in-house lab code. Ongoing version here: Please note that is closing down so all code has been moved to new GIT repository at
  1. FUNPSY - fMRI Phase Synchronization toolbox. Google code has closed down, moved to github
  2. Permutation tests - simple MATLAB scripts for computing statistics. UPDATED 15/Feb/2016
  3. BRAMILA tools - simple MATLAB scripts for fMRI functional connectivity used at Brain and Mind Lab at Aalto University UPDATED 04/Feb/2015
  4. emBODY - web tool in PHP and JavaScript used for data collection in Bodily maps of emotions UPDATED 15/Mar/2017
  5. Dynamic Annotation web-tool - web tool in PHP and JavaScript used to dynamically annotate videos. UPDATED 15/Jul/2015
@eglerean on Twitter
Ask Enrico (my data science blog)
Brain & Mind Laboratory
Nummenmaa lab
Aalto Brain Center
Complex Systems Group
Bayesian Methodology Group
Latest blog posts at

Selected publications

Articles currently submitted/under peer review

  1. Alakörkkö, T., Saarimäki, H., Glerean, E., Saramäki, J., Korhonen, O. (preprint)
    Effects of spatial smoothing on functional brain networks
    [Contributed to the design of the study, wrote the manuscript]
  2. Saarimäki, H., Ejtehadian, L., Glerean, E., Jaaskelainen, I.P., Vuilleumier, P., Sams, M., Nummenmaa L. (preprint)
    Distributed Affective Space Represents Multiple Emotion Categories Across The Brain
    [Developed analysis methods and performed part of the analysis, wrote the manuscript]
  3. Bacha-Trams, M., Glerean, E., Lahnakoski, J.M., Ryyppö, V.E., Sams, M., Jääskeläinen, I.P. (preprint)
    Human brain responds differently to non-altruistic behavior towards genetic vs. adopted siblings
    [Developed analysis methods and performed all analysis, wrote the manuscript]

Peer-reviewed articles in international scientific journals

  1. Karjalainen T., Karlsson H., Lahnakoski J., Glerean E., Nuutila P., Jääskeläinen I.P., Hari R., Sams M., Nummenmaa L. (in press)
    Dissociable Roles of Cerebral μ-Opioid and Type 2 Dopamine Receptors in Vicarious Pain: A Combined PET–fMRI Study
    Cerebral Cortex 10.1093/cercor/bhx129
    [Helped with data analysis, wrote the manuscript]
  2. Korhonen, Onerva, Saarimäki, H., Glerean, E., Sams M., Saramäki J. (in press)
    Consistency of Regions of Interest as nodes of fMRI functional brain networks
    Network neuroscience doi:10.1162/NETN_a_0001
    arXiv link:

    [Designed the study, analysed part of the data, wrote the manuscript]
  3. Komulainen, E., Glerean, E., Meskanen, K., Heikkilä, R., Nummenmaa, L., Raij, T.T., Lahti, J., Jylhä, P., Melartin, T., Isometsä, E., Ekelund, J. (in press)
    Single dose of mirtazapine modulates whole-brain functional connectivity during emotional narrative processing
    Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging doi:10.1016/j.pscychresns.2017.03.009 [pdf]
    [Developed methods for dynamic functional connectivity, performed all connectivity analysis, did the figures, wrote the manuscript]
  4. Salmi J., Koistinen OP., Glerean E., Jylänki P., Vehtari A., Jääskeläinen I. P., Mäkelä S., Nummenmaa L., Nummi-Kuisma K., Nummi I., Sams M. (in press)
    Distributed neural signatures of natural audiovisual speech and music in the human auditory cortex
    Neuroimage doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2016.12.005 [pdf]
    [Designed the study, prepared the stimuli, fMRI preprocessing and visualization of results, wrote the manuscript]
  5. Nummenmaa, L., Oksama, L., Glerean, E., Hyönä, J. (in press)
    Cortical Circuit for Binding Object Identity and Location During Multiple-Object Tracking
    Cerebral Cortex doi:10.1093/cercor/bhw380 [pdf]
    [Took care of all connectivity analysis, wrote the manuscript]
  6. Kujala, R., Glerean, E., Pan, R.K., Jääskeläinen, I.P., Sams, M.m Saramäki, J. (2016)
    Graph coarse-graining reveals differences in the module-level structure of functional brain networks
    European Journal of Neuroscience doi:10.1111/ejn.13392 [pdf]
    3D Nifti maps of the subnetwork parcellations in Neurovault:
    [Planned the paper, helped in data analysis and interpretation of the results, wrote the manuscript]
  7. Nummenmaa, L., Suvilehto, J., Glerean, E., Santtila, P., Hietanen, J.K. (in press)
    Topography of Human Erogenous Zones
    Archives of Sexual Behavior [pdf]
    [Helped setting up tools for data collection and analysis, devised and performed the analysis of temporal dynamics, wrote the manuscript]
  8. Glerean, E., Pan, R.K., Salmi, J., Kujala, R., Lahnakoski, J.M., Roine, U., Nummenmaa, L., Leppämäki, S., Nieminen-von Wendt, T., Tani, P., Saramäki, J., Sams, M., Jääskeläinen, I.P. (2016)
    Reorganization of functionally connected brain subnetworks in high-functioning autism
    Human Brain Mapping. doi:10.1002/hbm.23084 [pdf]
    arXiv link:

    3D Nifti maps of the results in Neurovault:
    Code: 10.5281/zenodo.44657
    [Performed all analysis except detection of subnetworks and group consensus, wrote the manuscript]
  9. Jääskeläinen I., Halme H.L., Agam Y., Glerean E., Lahnakoski J., Sams M., Tapani K., Ahveninen J., and Manoach D. (2016)
    Neural mechanisms supporting evaluation of others' errors in real-life like conditions OA
    Scientific Reports. doi:10.1038/srep18714
    [Helped with web-based annotation software and fMRI analysis, wrote the manuscript]
  10. Hietanen, J.K., Glerean, E., Hari, R., Nummenmaa, L. (2016)
    Bodily maps of emotions across child development
    Developmental Science. doi:10.1111/desc.12389 [pdf]
    [Performed data analysis, especially the similarity analysis between children and adults, wrote the manuscript]
  11. Suvilehto, J., Glerean, E., Dunbar, R.I.M., Hari, R., Nummenmaa, L. (2016)
    Topography of social touching depends on emotional bonds between humans OA
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of United States of America doi:10.1073/pnas.1519231112
    [Helped on the tool for data collection, helped in data analysis, performed network analyses, wrote the manuscript]
  12. Smirnov, D., Glerean E., Lahnakoski J.M., Salmi J, Jääskeläinen I.P., Sams M., Nummenmaa L., (2014)
    Fronto-parietal network supports context-dependent speech comprehension OA
    Neuropsychologia doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.09.007
    [Performed inter-subject correlation analysis, did the audio recording of the stimuli, wrote the manuscript]
  13. Nummenmaa L., Saarimäki H.; Glerean E.; Gotsopoulos A.; Jääskeläinen I.P.; Hari R.; Sams M. (2014)
    Emotional Speech Synchronizes Brains Across Listeners And Engages Large-Scale Dynamic Brain Networks OA
    Neuroimage doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.07.063
    [Performed all dynamic functional connectivity and intersubject synchronization analysys and statistics, developed software, visualized the networks, helped in stimulus preparation and annotation, wrote the manuscript]
  14. Lahnakoski J.M., Glerean E., Jääskeläinen I.P., Hyönä J., Hari R., Sams M., Nummenmaa L. (2014)
    Synchronous brain activity across individuals underlies shared psychological perspectives OA
    Neuroimage doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.06.022
    [Helped in fMRI data analysis, wrote the manuscript]
  15. Salmi J., Glerean E., Jääskeläinen I.P., Lahnakoski J.M., Kettunen J., Lampinen J., Tikka P., Sams M. (2014)
    Posterior parietal cortex activity reflects the significance of others' actions during natural viewing
    Human Brain Mapping doi:10.1002/hbm.22510 [pdf]
    [Devised tools and code for annotations, helped in fMRI data analysis, wrote the manuscript]
  16. Nummenmaa L., Glerean E., Hari R., Hietanen J.K. (2013)
    Bodily maps of emotions OA
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of United States of America doi:10.1073/pnas.1321664111
    [Built the web-tool for data collection, analysed and visualised the data, wrote the manuscript]
  17. Nummenmaa L., Smirnov D., Lahnakoski J., Glerean E., Jääskeläinen I.P., Sams M., Hari R. (2013)
    Mental Action Simulation Synchronizes Action-Observation Circuits Across Individuals. OA
    Journal of Neuroscience doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0352-13.2014
    [Did the inter-subject phase synchronization analysis, did the static and dynamic functional connectivity analysis, wrote the manuscript]
  18. Salmi J., Roine U. Glerean E., Lahnakoski J., Nieminen-von Wendt T., Tanid P., Leppämäkie S., Nummenmaa L., Jääskeläinen I.P., Carlson S., Rintahaka P., Sams M. (2013)
    The brains of high functioning autistic individuals do not synchronize with those of others. OA
    Neuroimage: Clinical. [Epub ahead of print] doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2013.10.011
    [Did the funcional connectivity analysis of the data, wrote the manuscript]
  19. Brattico E., Tupala T., Glerean E., Tervaniemi M. (2013)
    Modulated neural processing of Western harmony in folk musicians.
    Psychophysiology. 2013 May 9;. [Epub ahead of print] doi:10.1111/psyp.12049 [pdf]
    [Analyzed and visualized the data, wrote the manuscript]
  20. Lahnakoski, J.M., Glerean, E., Salmi, J., Jääskeläinen, I.P., Sams, M., Hari, R., & Nummenmaa, L. (2012)
    Naturalistic fMRI Mapping Reveals Superior Temporal Sulcus as the Hub for the Distributed Brain Network for Social Perception. OA
    Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6: 233. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2012.00233 [pdf]
    [Built the online flash ActionSCript tool for annotating the stimulus clips and wrote the manuscript]
  21. Viinikainen, M., Glerean, E., Jääskeläinen, I.P., Kettunen, J., Sams, M. & Nummenmaa, L. (2012)
    Nonlinear neural representation of emotional feelings elicited by dynamic naturalistic stimulation. OA
    Open Journal of Neuroscience, vol 2. access article [pdf]
    [Built the online flash ActionSCript tool for valence/arousal continous ratings, wrote the manuscript and helped with fMRI data collection]
  22. Nummenmaa, L., Glerean, E., Viinikainen, M., Jääskeläinen, I.P., Hari, R., & Sams, M. (2012)
    Emotions promote social interaction by synchronizing brain activity across individuals. OA
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of United States of America doi: 10.1073/pnas.1206095109 [pdf]
    [Did the time-varying intersubject correlation and representational similarity analysis, built the online flash ActionSCript tool for valence/arousal continous ratings, wrote the manuscript and helped with fMRI data collection]
  23. Glerean, E., Salmi, J., Lahnakoski, J.M., Jääskeläinen, I.P., Sams, M. (2012).
    Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Phase Synchronization as a Measure of Dynamic Functional Connectivity. OA
    Brain connectivity. doi:10.1089/brain.2011.0068 [pdf]
    [Firt author paper, I came up with the method and did all theoretical and analysis part]
  24. Lahnakoski, J. M., Salmi, J., Jääskeläinen, I. P., Lampinen, J., Glerean, E., Tikka, P., & Sams, M. (2012).
    Stimulus-Related Independent Component and Voxel-Wise Analysis of Human Brain Activity during Free Viewing of a Feature Film. OA
    PLoS ONE, 7(4), e35215. Public Library of Science. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0035215 [pdf]
    [Helped with annotations and wrote the manuscript]
  25. Alluri, V., Toiviainen, P., Jääskeläinen, I. P., Glerean, E., Sams, M., & Brattico, E. (2012).
    Large-scale brain networks emerge from dynamic processing of musical timbre, key and rhythm.
    NeuroImage, 59(4):3677-89. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.11.019 [pdf]
    [Helped in the statistical analysis, methods, figures, did the intersubject correlation and wrote the manuscript]
  26. Vuust, P., Brattico, E., Glerean, E., Seppänen, M., Pakarinen, S., Tervaniemi, M., & Näätänen, R. (2011).
    New fast mismatch negativity paradigm for determining the neural prerequisites for musical ability.
    Cortex, 47(9):1091-8. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2011.04.026
    [Did the analysis, figures and wrote the manuscript]
  27. Brattico, E., Jacobsen, T., De Baene, W., Glerean, E., & Tervaniemi, M. (2010).
    Cognitive vs. affective listening modes and judgments of music--an ERP study.
    Biological Psychology, 85(3), 393-409. Elsevier B.V. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2010.08.014
    [Did the analysis, figures and wrote the manuscript]

Doctoral dissertation

Glerean, E. (2015) Dynamic similarity of brain activity in humans: from single areas to functional networks OA Aalto University publication series DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS, 199/2015. ISBN: 978-952-60-6542-7 (electronic) 978-952-60-6541-0 (printed). [pdf]

International meetings

Glerean, E., Pan, R. K., Saramäki J., Sams, M. - The brain as a time-varying network: multiplex network related to parallel cognitive processes. Talk at NetSci 2013, Copenhagen (DK), June 2013.

Glerean, E., Pan, R. K., Sams, M., Nummenmaa, L. - Dynamic large-scale brain networks underlying emotional processing. Poster at Cognitive Neuroscience Society 2013, San Francisco (USA), April 2013. [pdf]

Glerean, E., Salmi, J., Jääskeläinen, I. P., Lahnakoski, J., Sams, M. - Temporal dynamics of complex networks in the brain: auditory scene segmentation from network patterns. Poster at Society for Neuroscience 2011, Washington DC (USA), November 2011. [pdf]

Glerean, E., Brattico, E., Toiviainen, P., Alluri, V., Jääskeläinen, I. P., Sams, M. - Structural hearing of music: patterns of dynamic functional connectivity with fMRI. Poster at Neuroscience of Music IV, Edinburgh (UK), June 2011.

Glerean, E., Salmi, J., Jääskeläinen, I. P., Lahnakoski, J., Alho, K., Sams, M. - Assessing functional connectivity through phase synchronization in narrowband fMRI BOLD signal: Attention networks in event-related and naturalistic settings. Poster at Society for Neuroscience 2010, San Diego (USA), November 2010.

Presentations and lectures

Brain & Mind symposium: Ignite talk on novel work Positron Emission Tomography Informed Connectivity (PETInC): A novel in vivo method for identifying neurotransmitter-specific brain networks in humans

Talk on long-term brain imaging data preservation at Open data and open access publishing @ Aalto, April 2016 (Espoo, Finland)

Talk on "Long-term preservation of brain imaging data", part of the ABC seminars. Slides here, March 2016 (Espoo, Finland)

Lecture on Human Brain Networks at Aalto University, part of the Aivoaakkoset course. Slides here, November 2014 (Espoo, Finland)

Lecture on Human Brain Networks at Helsinki University. Slides here, October 2014 (Helsinki, Finland)

Lecture on "Brain Connectivity with fMRI", part of the Tuesday seminars of Helsinki University Neurology School, Meilahti Hospital [Lecture slides in pdf], May 2014 (Helsinki, Finland)

Lecture on "Brain Connectivity with fMRI" at Laurea University of Applied Sciences [Lecture slides in pdf], April 2014 (Espoo, Finland)

Lecture on "Human Brain Networks" [Lecture slides in pdf], part of the Aivoaakkoset course, October 2013 (Espoo, Finland)

Lecture at the fMRI School 2013: "Brain connectivity analysis" [Lecture slides in pdf], September 2013 (Espoo, Finland)

Talk at Mind and Brain Center, April 2013 (Davis, USA)

Talk at BRAHE Meeting, Biomedicum, March 2012 (Helsinki, Finland) [pdf]

Talk at Nordic Network for Network Science kick off meeting 2011, October 2011 (Stockholm, Sweden)

Poster presentation at PIRE Summer School 2011, September 2011 (Chiemsee, Germany)

Poster presentation for Auditory Cognitive Neuroscience kick off meeting, March 2011 (Leipzig, Germany)

2005-2012 Lecturer: Sound perception and sound art for future curators of contemporary art, Galleria A+A, Venezia (IT);

Teaching and supervising

2017 - Human Brain Connectivity (own course): full 5 ECTS course (130 hours) on human brain connectivity. More details here (click on guest access)
2016 - Master thesis supervisor: Classification of emotions from functional connectivity graphs by Henri Mynttinen;
2016 - Master thesis supervisor: Application of Dynamic Time Warping in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging by Eero Kuusi;
2015 - Master thesis supervisor: MU-opioid receptor modulation of brain resting-state functional connectivity by Sirius Vuorikoski;
2010 - Master thesis supervisor: Video annotation for studying the brain in naturalistic settings by Kalle Wallenius

Grants, honors, prizes and awards
16.03.2017 Prize for best doctoral dissertation at Aalto School Of Science (link)

25.10.2016 Novartis prize for best neuroscience PhD dissertation in Finland (link)

11.2015/1.2016 Grant from Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture - Long term data preservation pilot project in collaboration with Avoin Tiede (Open Science Finland) and CSC

2013 Brain & Mind doctoral student grant

06.09.2013 FGSN/B&M symposium 2013 - Best student talk award

Conference organization
20.04.2017 - I co-organized #brainTC, the first Neuroscience Twitter conference with keynote speakers: Neuroskeptic (@Neuro_Skeptic), the Human Brain Project (@HumanBrainProj), Uta Frith (@utafrith), and Riitta Hari (@aivoAALTO). Press release.

Press and science divulgation

Research Questions and Interests
Biomedical engineering - Q: How can we improve fMRI methods for dynamic functional connectivity? How can we use graph theory to study the human brain?
I am interested in developing new methods for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) especially for functional connectivity and inter-subject similarity. I am interested in applying existing complex network tools and adapting them to dynamic (time-varying) brain functional connectivity networks.

Cognitive Neuroscience - Q: What makes us synchronise with each-other? What makes our brains synchronise with other brains?
I am interested in inter-subject differences and similarities from behavioural to neuronal level in neuro-typical and clinical populations. I am also interested in sound perception and auditory scene analysis during listening of complex auditory stimuli (music, speech, complex auditory scene) specifically in the processes of temporal segmentation, stream perception and large-scale structures of musical composition.

Neurophysiology - Q: How is the network structure of the human brain? What is the relationship between neuronal activity, connectivity and the BOLD signal?
I am interested in the human connectome in neuro-typical and clinical populations, especially large-scale networks, subcortical-cortical dynamic interactions and brain network modularity.

Music cognition and computational musicology - Q: Is there an universal language in music?
I am interested in computational theories of music (e.g. generative theory of tonal music) and possible neural correlates of such models.

About me
I graduated in Telecommunication Engineering (University of Padua, 2002) and worked as a research assistant (2003-2004); research topic: patterns in time-series of internet traffic.

In 2004 I moved to London to work for the IT industry until end 2007, but decided to go back to the academy studying for a second master degree in music cognition: Music, Mind & Technology (University of Jyväskylä).

Since 2008, I have been working for the Finnish Centre of Excellence in Interdisciplinary Music Research employed by the Cognitive Brain Reasearch Unit, University of Helsinki.

In 2015 completed my PhD (Doctor of Technology) at Aalto University School of Science (former Helsinki University of Technology) combining fMRI and complex networks methods to understand brain functions. My supervisor was prof. Mikko Sams at the Brain & Mind Laboratory - Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering (former department of Biomedical Engineering and Computational Science). I was a member of the aivoAALTO research team.

Since January 2016 I am a post doctoral researcher at Lauri Nummenmaa's Human Emotion Systems Lab.

My areas of experties include pattern recognition, time-series analysis and various non-linear methods. I am a proficient software developer using mainly: MATLAB, Python, PHP, Bash but also: AS3, C/C++/ObjectiveC, Visual Basic, JavaScript, Java.

I also work as free-lance software developer and system administrator for various IT companies. More info here.

I am also reachable with the following scientific social networks:

Enrico Glerean's Researcher ID
enrico.glerean [at]
BECS, P.O. Box 12200; FI-00076 AALTO, FINLAND
Room F326, Rakentajanaukio 2 C, FI-02150 Espoo

I am a member of Society for Neurscience

Present and past affiliations

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